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شام میں وہابی دہشت گردوں نے عظیم صحابی رسول حضرت حجر بن عدی کی قبر کھود کر جسد مبارک اغوا کر لیا

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شام میں سعودی عرب اور امریکہ کے حمایت یافتہ وہابی دیوبندی دہشت گردوں نے جلیل القدر صحابی رسول (صلی الله علیہ والہ وسلم) حضرت حجر بن عدی رضی الله تعالیٰ عنہ کی قبر مبرک کی بے حرمتی کی اور ان کے جسد مبارک کو کھود کر اپنے ساتھ لے گئے

شام میں سعودی عرب، لیبیا، پاکستان اور دیگر ممالک کے وہابی دیوبندی دہشت گردوں کی کثیر جماعت القاعدہ سے منسلک النصر ہ فرنٹ کے تحت جہادی دہشت گردی کی کاروائیوں میں حصہ لے رہی ہے

سلفی امام ابن تیمیہ اور وہابی ملا محمد بن عبدالوہاب کے پیروکارو وہابی اور دیوبندی (نیم وہابی) سنی صوفی مسلمانوں اور شیعہ مسلمانوں سے نفرت کرتے ہیں اور اہلبیت عظام ، صحابہ کرام اور اولیااللہ کے مزارات کو منہدم کرنا چاہتے ہیں وہابی دیوبندی منصوبے میں روضہ رسول الله کو گرانا بھی شامل ہے تکفیری وہابی اور دیوبندی دہشت گرد امام حسین رضی الله تعالیٰ عنہ، حضرت زینب رضی الله تعالیٰ عنہا اور حضرت غوث الاعظم عبدلقادر جیلانی رحمت الله علیہ کے مزارات بھی تباہ کرنا چاہتے ہیں یہ وہی بدبخت لوگ ہیں جنہوں نے پاکستان میں لاہور میں حضرت داتا گنج بخش،کراچی میں عبداللہ شاہ غازی ، پاکپتن میں بابا فرید گنج شکر اور خیبر پختونخواہ میں رحمان بابا کے مزاروں پر حملے کیے – انڈیا میں دار العلوم دیوبند کے فتوے کے مطابق یہ لوگ اہلبیت رسول صلی الله علیہ والہ وسلم کو شہید کرنے والے اموی خلیفہ یزید ملعون کو امیر المومنین اور رحمت الله علیہ کہنا جائز سمجھتے ہیں

دمشق سے آنے والی اطلاعات کے مطابق شام میں حکومت کے خلاف لڑنے والے تکفیری وہابی دہشتگروں نے صحابی رسول (ص)حضرت حجر ابن عدی رضی الله تعالیٰ عنہ کی قبر مبارک کو کھود کر آپ کے مزار کو منہدم کر دیا ہے۔ ایک عرب نیوز چینل کے مطابق حجر بن عدی کا جسد خاکی صحیح و سالم ہے اور تکفیری وہابیباغیوں نے اسے نامعلوم مقام پر منتقل کر دیا ہے۔ خبر کے مطابق یہ واقعہ 2 مئی کو شام میں واقع دمشق کے مضافاتی علاقے ” عدرا “ میں پیش آیا۔ حجر ابن عدی قبیلہ کندی سے تعلق رکھتے تھے۔ یہ قبیلہ ایک یمنی قبیلہ ہے جس نے کوفہ کی جانب ہجرت کی۔ پینتیس سنہ ہجری میں حجر کندی حضرت علی رضی الله تعالیٰ عنہ کے انصار میں شامل ہوئے۔ ہجر پچپن میں ہی اپنے بھائی ہانی بن عدی کے ہمراہ رسول خدا (ص) کی خدمت میں حاضر ہوکر مشرف بہ اسلام ہوئے۔ حضرت حجر بن عدی زہد و کثرت عبادت کی وجہ سے بہت مشہور تھے۔ یہاں تک کہ ان کے بارے میں روایت ہے کہ ہر شب و روز میں ایک ہزار رکعت نماز پڑھتے تھے۔ حضرت حجر بن عدی اپنی کم سنی کے باوجود پیغمبر اسلام(ص) کے بزرگ اور فاضل صحابہ میں شمار ہوتے تھے۔

امام ِاہل ِسنت ابن عبدالبر نے صحابہ کے متعلق لکھی گئی کتاب الاستیعاب فی تمیز الاصحاب، ج 1 ص 97 میں حضرت حجر بن عدی (رض) کو بھی شامل کیا ہے اور ان کے متعلق لکھا ہے:

كان حجر من فضلاء الصحابة
حجر فاضل صحابہ میں سے ایک تھے

امام ِاہل ِسنت ابن اثیر جزری نے صحابہ کی زندگیوں پرلکھی گئی کتاب اسد الغابہ فی معرفت الصحابہ، ج 1 ص 244 میں حضرت حجر بن عدی (رض) کو بھی شامل کیا ہے اور ان کے متعلق لکھا ہے:

كان من فضلاء الصحابة

وہ فاضل صحابہ میں سے ایک تھے

امام حاکم اپنی حدیث کی مشہور کتاب المستدراک، ج 3 ص 468 میں لکھتے ہیں:

ذكر مناقب حجر بن عدي رضى الله تعالى عنه وهو راهب أصحاب محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم وذكر مقتله

حجر بن عدی رضی اللہ تعالی ٰ عنہ کے مناقب اور ان کے قتل کا ذکر جو اصحاب ِمحمد (ص) میں سے ہیں

ابن عساکر نے بیان کیا ہے کہ حضرت حجر بن عدی (رض) رسول اللہ (ص) سے ملے اور ابن عساکر کے اسی حوالے پر نواصب کے پسندیدہ امام ابن کثیر نے البدایہ والنہایہ، ج 8 ص 55 انحصار کیا ہے:

قال ابن عساكر‏:‏ وفد إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، وسمع علياً وعماراً وشراحيل بن مرة، ويقال‏:‏ شرحبيل بن مرة‏.

ابن عساکر کا قول ہےکہ حجر رسول اللہ (ص) کے پاس تشریف لائے اور انہوں نے علی، عمار، شراجیل بن مرۃ جو کہ اصل میں شجیل ہیں، سے احادیث سنیں۔

امام ِاہلِسنت کمال الدین عمر بن العدیم (متوفی 660 ھ) اپنی کتاب بغیت الطلب فی تاریخ الحلب، ج 2 ص 298 میں حضرت حجر بن عدی (رض) کے متعلق لکھتے ہیں:

وكان من أهل الكوفة، وفد على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، وحدث عن علي بن أبي طالب

وہ کوفہ کے لوگوں میں سے تھے، وہ رسول اللہ (ص) کے پاس بحیثیت سفیر تشریف لائے اور انہوں نے علی بن ابی طالب سے احادیث سنیں۔

امام ابن قتیبہ (متوفی 276 ھ) اپنی مشہور کتاب المعارف، ص 76 میں ضرت حجر بن عدی (رض) کے متعلق لکھتے ہیں:

وفد إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وأسلم وشهد القادسية وشهد الجمل وصفين مع علي، فقتله معاوية بمرج غدراء مع عدة

وہ رسول اللہ (ص) کے پاس بحیثیت سفیر تشریف لائے اور السلا م قبول کرلیا، انہوں نے قادسیہ کی جنگ میں حصہ لیا پھر انہوں نے علی کے ہمراہ جنگ جمل اور صفین میں حصہ لیا پھر معاویہ نے انہیں ان کے ساتھیوں سمیت عذراء میں قتل کردیا۔

صحابہ کے کرامات کا ذکر کرتے ہوئے علام حبت اللہ للکائی الشافعی (متوفی 418 ھ) اپنی کتاب شرح اصول اعتقاد اہل سنہ، ج 17 ص 18 لکھتے ہیں:

ما روي من كرامات حجر بن عدي أو قيس بن مكشوح في جماعة أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

ہم نے رسول اللہ (ص) کے صحابہ میں سے حجر بن عدی اور قیس بن مکشوح کے کرامات بیان کیئے ہیں۔

اور اگر، اب بھی کوئی شک و شبہ باقی رہ گیا ہو تو اہل ِسنت میں علم الرجال میں امیر المومنین تسلیم کئے جانے والے امام زھبی کے الفاظ بیان کئے دیتے ہیں جو انہوں نے اپنی کتاب سیراعلام النبلاء، ج 3 ص 463 میں حضرت حجر بن عدی (رض) کے متعلق بیان کیئے ہیں:

وہ صحابی اور سفیر تھے

مولانا مودودی نے کتاب خلافت و ملوکیت، ص 164-165 میں پورا احوال یوں پیش کیا ہے:

اس نئی پالیسی کی ابتداء حضرت معاویہ کے زمانہ میں حضرت حُجر بن عدی کے قتل 51 ہجری سے ہوئی جو ایک زاہد و عابد صحابی اور صلحائے امت میں ایک اونچے مرتبے کے شخص تھے۔ حضرت معاویہ کے زمانے میں جب منبروں پر خطبوں میں علانیہ حضرت علیؓ پر لعنت اور سب و شتم کا سلسلہ شروع ہوا تو عام مسلمانوں کے دل ہر جگہ ہی اس سے زخمی ہو رہے تھے مگر لوگ خون کا گھونٹ پی کر خاموش ہو جاتے تھے۔ کوفہ میں حُجر بن عدی سے صبر نہ ہو سکا اور انہوں نے جواب میں حضرت علیؓ کی تعریف اور حضرت معاویہ کی مذمت شروع کر دی۔ حضرت مغیرہؓ جب تک کوفہ کے گورنر رہے وہ ان کے ساتھ رعایت برتتے رہے۔ ان کے بعد جب زیاد کی گورنری میں بصرہ کے ساتھ کوفہ بھی شامل ہو گیا تو اُس کے اور ان کے درمیان کشمکش برپا ہو گئی۔ وہ خطبے میں حضرت علیؓ کو گالیاں دیتا تھا اور یہ اُٹھ کر اس کا جواب دینے لگتے تھے۔ اسی دوران میں ایک مرتبہ انہوں نے نماز جمعہ میں تاخیر پر بھی اُس کو ٹوکا۔ آخر کار اس نے انہیں اور ان کے بارہ ساتھیوں کو گرفتار کر لیا اور ان کے خلاف بہت سے لوگوں کی شہادتیں اِس فرد جُرم پر لیں کہ ’’انہوں نے ایک جتھا بنا لیا ہے، خلیفہ کو علانیہ گالیاں دیتے ہیں ، امیر المومنین کے خلاف لڑنے کی دعوت دیتے ہیں، ان کا دعوی یہ ہے کہ خلافت آل ابی طالب کے سوا کسی کے لئے درست نہیں ہے ، انہوں نے شہر میں فساد برپا کیا اور امیر المومنین کے عامل کو نکال باہر کیا، یہ ابوتُراب و حضرت علیؓ کی حمایت کرتے ہیں ، اُن پر رحمت بھیجتے ہیں اور اُن کے مخالفین سے اظہارِ برائت کرتے ہیں ۔‘‘ ان گواہیوں میں سے ایک گواہی قاضی شُریح کی بھی ثبت کی گئی ، مگر انہوں نے ایک الگ خط میں حضرت معاویہ کو لکھ بھیجا کہ میں نے سُنا ہے آپ کے پاس حُجر بن عدی کے خلاف جو شہادتیں بھیجی گئی ہیں ان میں ایک میری شہادت بھی ہے۔ میری اصل شہادت حجر کے متعلق یہ ہے کہ وہ ان لوگوں میں سے ہیں جو نماز قائم کرتے ہیں ، زکواۃ دیتے ہیں ، دائما حج و عمرہ کرتے رہتے ہیں ، نیکی کا حکم دیتے اور بدی سے روکتے ہیں۔ ان کا خون اور مال حرام ہے۔ آپ چاہیں تو انہیں قتل کریں ورنہ معاف کر دیں۔

اِس طرح یہ ملزم حضرت معاویہ کے پاس بھیجے گئے اور انہوں نے ان کے قتل کا حکم دے دیا۔ قتل سے پہلے جلادوں نے ان کے سامنے جو بات پیش کی وہ یہ تھی کہ ’’ہمیں حکم دیا گیا ہے کہ اگر تم علیؓ سے برا ئت کا اظہار کرو اور ان پر لعنت بھیجو تو تمہیں چھوڑ دیا جائے ورنہ قتل کردیا جائے۔‘‘ ان لوگوں نے یہ بات ماننے سے انکار کر دیا اور حُجر نے کہا’’ میں زبان سے وہ بات نہیں نکال سکتا جو رب کو ناراض کرے۔‘‘ آخر کار وہ اور ان کے سات ساتھی قتل کر دئیے گئے۔ ان میں سے ایک صاحب عبد الرحمن بن حسان کو حضرت معاویہ نے زیاد کے پاس واپس بھیج دیا اور اس کو لکھا کہ انہیں بدترین طریقہ سے قتل کرو چنانچہ اس نے انہیں زندہ دفن کرادیا۔
(تاریخ طبری، ج 4، صفحہ 190 تا 208۔
الاستیعاب ، ابن عبد البر ، ج 1، صفحہ 135
تاریخ ابن اثیر، ج 3، صفحہ 234 تا 42۔
البدایہ والنہایہ ، ابن کثیر، ج 8، صفحہ 50 تا 5۔
ابن خلدون، ج 3۳، صفحہ 13)۔
خلافت و ملوکیت، ص 164-165

Source :

http://criticalppp.com/archives/261881

 

Sunni scholar Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi in his book Caliphs and Kings writes:”Hajar ibn Adiy was a pious companion of the Prophet (saws) and played a vital role in the correction of the Ummah. During Muawiyah’s reign when the custom of cursing Ali from the pulpit’s of Mosques began, hearts of the Muslims were being bled dry but people bit their tongues fearing death. In Kufa Hajar ibn Adiy could not remain silent and he began to praise Ali (ra) and condemn Muawiyah. Until Mughira remained the Governor of Kufa, he adopted a lenient attitude towards this, but when Ziyad’s Governorship of Basra was extended to include Kufa, serious altercations arose. He would curse Ali (ra) during the khutbah and Hajar would refute him.
On one occasion he (Hajar) warned Ziyad for being late for Jummah prayers. Ziyad then arrested him along with twelve of his companions on false accusations of forming an opposition group to overthrow the Khalifa and was cursing the Khalifa. He also gathered witnesses to testify against them alleging that they claimed that khilafath was the exclusive right of the lineage of `Ali ibne Abi Talib and further accused them of creating an uproar, throwing out the commander and of supporting `Abu Turab Ali, of sending blessings upon him and hating his enemies. From amongst these witnesses, Qadi Shudhri’s testimony was used. He later wrote to Muawiyah that the blood and property of people who said they offered Salaah, paid zakaat, and performed Hajj and Umrah, preached right and declared that evil was haram, however if you want to kill them so be it, otherwise forgive them.
The accused were sent to Muawiyah and he sentenced them to death. A condition was placed that if they cursed `Ali (ra) and showed their hatred to him they would be pardoned. They refused and Hajar ibn Adiy said `I will not say that thing that will displease Allah’.
Finally Hajar ibn Adiy, his son Humaan ibn Hajar and his seven companions were murdered. From amongst them Abdur Rahman bin Hasan was sent back to return with a written instruction that he be murdered in the worst possible manner, Ziyad buried him alive.” chapter 4: “The elimination of freedom of speech”
His mausoleum is in Adra with his son Humaam ibn Hajar’ – a small town just north of Damascus, Syria. A mosque has been built around his grave and is a pilgrimage site for Shī‘a Muslims. His mausoleum was demolished on May 2nd 2013 by the Free Syrian Army.[1]
Hajar or Hijir ia an old Arabic name meaning wisdom (like ‘Aqal’). The name is sometimes incorrectly spelt as; Hajr which means stone or Hujr which means chamber or Hijr which means to migrate. The correct name of the companion of Imam Ali was Hajar or Hijir ibn Adiy.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hujr_ibn_Adi

2 comments on “شام میں وہابی دہشت گردوں نے عظیم صحابی رسول حضرت حجر بن عدی کی قبر کھود کر جسد مبارک اغوا کر لیا

  1. Zulfiqar Haidery
    May 3, 2013

    Hijr ibn Adi and his son were killed in 660 CE by Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan, due to his firm loyalty to Imam Ali (as).

    Sunni scholar Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi in his book Caliphs and Kings writes:

    “Hijr ibn Adi was a pious companion of the Prophet (saw) and played a vital role in the correction of the Ummah. During Muawiyah’s reign when the custom of cursing Ali from the pulpit’s of Mosques began, hearts of the Muslims were being bled dry but people bit their tongues fearing death. In Kufa, Hijr ibn Adi could not remain silent and he began to praise Ali (as) and condemn Muawiyah. Until Mughira remained the Governor of Kufa, he adopted a lenient attitude towards this, but when Ziyad’s Governorship of Basra was extended to include Kufa, serious altercations arose. He would curse Ali (as) during the sermons and Hijr would refute him.

    On one occasion he (Hijr) warned Ziyad for being late for Jummah prayers. Ziyad then arrested him along with twelve of his companions on false accusations of forming an opposition group to overthrow the Khalifa. He also gathered witnesses to testify against them alleging that they claimed that khilafath was the exclusive right of the lineage of Ali (as) and further accused them of creating an uproar, of sending blessings upon him and hating his enemies.

    The accused were sent to Muawiyah and he sentenced them to death. A condition was placed that if they cursed Ali (as) and showed their hatred to him they would be pardoned. They refused and Hijr ibn Adi said `I will not say that which would displease Allah’.

    Finally Hijr ibn Adi, his son Humaan ibn Hijr and his seven companions were murdered. From amongst them Abdur Rahman bin Hasan was sent back to return with a written instruction that he be murdered in the worst possible manner, Ziyad buried him alive.”
    [Chapter 4: “The elimination of freedom of speech” by Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi].

    In other traditions, it is said that Hijr’s final wish was that his son be killed before him, in fear that his son would be terrified of death and give in to the demands to curse Ali (as).

    Hijr saw his son be killed before he too stepped forward for martyrdom, both giving their lives in loyalty to Ali (as) and for the sake of Allah (swt).

    http://www.aimislam.com/shrine-of-the-great-companion-hijr-ibn-adi-destroyed-and-body-stolen/

  2. Zulfiqar Haidery
    May 3, 2013

    He was known as Hijr al-Khayr, His Kunya was Abu Abd al-Rahman b. Adi, b. al-Harith b. Amru b. Hijr, He was given the nickname (ie, laqab) of Akil al-Mirar. He was the king of the Kindis. It was said that he was the son of Adi b. Mu’awiya b. Jubla b. Adi b. Rabi’a b. Mu’awiya al-Akramin. He belonged to Kinda.1

    Hijr was notable companion from the companions of Ali nd his son Al-Hasan, peace be on them. He was a lord from the lords of the Muslims in Kufa.

    Hijr nd his brother Hani b. Adi came to the Prophet, may Allah bless Him and his family. In his book al-Isti’ab, b. Abd al-Bisr al-Maliki sadi: “Hijr was among the excellent Companions, and his age was less than their old ones.” In his book Asad al-Ghaba fi Tamyiz al-Sahaba,’ b. al-Athir has mentioned Him with words similar to these ones. In his book al-Mustadrak, al-Hakim has described Him as: “the monk of the Companions of Mohammed, may Allah bless Him and his family.”

    Hijr worshipped (Allah) to the extent that when he made ritual impurity, he perfomed the ritual ablution; when he performed the ritual ablution, he prayed. He performed one thousand rak’as a day. His religious piety was apparent, and his supplication was accepted.2 He was among the chosen reliable figures. He preferred the hereafter to the life in this world to the extent that he subjected his life to killing refusing to renounce his Imam. He had a high social position.

    Hijr was in the army that conquered Sham (Syria), and in the army that conquered Qadisiya (a city in Iraq). He took part in the Battle of the Camel headed by Ali. He was the commander of Kinda at the Battle of Siffin, and the commander of the left wing of the army at the Battle of al-Nahrwan. He was the brave man who defeated al-Dahhak b. Qays in the western part of Tadmur. It was he who said: “We are the children of war and approprate for it. We start it and end it. We have known it (ie, war) and it has known us.”

    Hijr was the first patient martyr in Islam.

    Mu’awiya b. Abu Sufyan killed Hijr and six of is companions at Marj Athra, twelve mile far from Damascus in the year 51 A.H. Up till now, Hijr’s grave is apparent and famous. There is a firm dome on it. Old marks can be seen on the dome that is beside a wide mosque. Hijr’s companons who were killed with him are in his shrime. We will mention them one by one.
    Zyyad b. Abih demolished Hijr’s house in Kufa.

    The Cause of his Killing

    Hijr opposed al-Mughira b. Shu’ba and Zyyad b. Abih when they cursed Ali peace be on Him. In this connection he said to them: “I testify that whom you dispraise is worthier of the outstanding merit, and whom you praise is worthier of dispraise.” When Hijr said openly these words of his, most people agreed with Him on that and said: “By Allah, Hijr has said the truth and kept his words.”
    As for al-Mughira b. Shu’ba, he knew that high spirits that made Hijr as an excellent companion, as a leader from the the great figures of Ali in Kufa, and as an Arab Emir who inherited the crown from his close grandfathers. al-Mughira had heard with his own ear when the people supported Hijr’s summons paying no attention to any force, nor were they afraid of the wrath of the ruler. So he thought that it was better for Him to be slow towards the affairs of Hijir. and to apologize to his advisers who provoked Him to punish Hijr. Then al-Mughira said to his advsers: “I have killed Hijr.” How have done that?” asked the advisers.” Al-Mughira asnwered:” An emir will come after me. Hijr will think that the emir is similar to me. Hijr will say to Him similar to what you have heard. So the emir will punish Him immediately, and then will kill Him through an evil way.” During his attitude towards Hijr, al-Mughira pretended to be wise. Also he pretended to be wise towards Sa’sa’a b. Sohan during the discord which was created by al-Mustawarad b. Alafa al-Khariji (ie, the Kharijite) in the year 43 A.H. al-Mughira said to Sa’sa’a: “Be careful! I have heard that you spread openly that outstanding merits of Ali. That is because I know all the excellent qualities of Ali. Rather I know them more than you do. However, this ruler (Mu’awiya) has appeared. He has forced us to show the people Ali’s defects. We leave many things from what he has ordered us (to mention). We mention the things which we regard as precautionary stimulation (taqiya) to save our lives from these people (ie, the Umayyads).”3

    When al-Mughira b. Shu’ba died in the year 50-51 A.H, b. Sumayya (ie, Zyyad b. Abih) became governor of Kufa. So the latter wanted to serve his claimed Umyyad lineage through killing Hijr b. Adi to relieve the Umayyads of the greatest of all troublemakers against them. However, he forgot that the blood of HIjr would go on making troubles to the Umayyads throughout their history as long as the people knew these two names (ie, Hijr’s name and Mu’awiya’s name).
    The new governor (ie, Sumayya) elaborated friday sermon to the extent that there was no time for Friday prayers that had a limited time. So Hijr, who always attended their (ie, the Umayyad’s) Friday sermon and prayers, said: “the Prayer!” Still Zayyd continue his sermon. Hijr was afraid that the obligatory prayers would escape Him, so he took a handful of stones. Then he rose to perfom the prayers and the people rose with Him.

    Abu Abd al-Rahman (ie, Hijr b. Adi) who had a high social position, and worshipping asectic spirit refused to bargain with the Umayyads or flatter them concerning his religion. He thought that there was the rest of the companions of Al-Hasan among the people. He reminded them of Al-Hasan and opposed the Umayyads before them to make them follow his example. In this way he opposed the Umayyads to support the usurped right to authority, and he struggled against them through his tongue to defend his religion, his Imam, and his prayers as he did against them through his sword during the Islamic conquests.

    Hijr’s crime list, according to the Umayyads’ custom, contained: he opposes cursing Ali, peace be on Him. He wants the prayers to be performed at their exact times, and nothing more than that.
    Zyyad summoned his obedient servants who sold their consciences for pleasures. Among them were Amr b. Sa’d (who killed al-Husayn, peace be on Him), al-Mudhir b. al-Zubayr, SHimr b. Dhi al-Jawshan al-Amiri, Isma’il and Ishaq (the two sons of Talha b. Abd Allah), Khalid b. Arfata, Shibth b. Rib’i, Hajjar b. Abjard, Amru b. al-Hajjaj, Zajr b. Qays, and the like of these persons who divorced manhood three times. They were seventy men. In his book Tarikh, vol.6, pp.150-1,’ al-Tabari counted them one by one. He distinguished Abu Burda b. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari from them, for the latter was the weakest of them with Him (ie,al-Tabari) or he was the strongest of them with Mu’awiya who ordered Him to write:

    “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. This is what Abu Burda b. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari has testified for Allah the Lord of the worlds. I (ie, Abu Burda) testify that Hijr b. Adi has refused obedience, left the united people (Jam’a), cursed the Caliph summoned (the people to wage) war (against Him), gathered groups of people and summoned them to break the pledge of allegiance, and disbelieved openly in Allah (the Great and Almighty).

    Then Zyyad said to the seventy persons; “Confirm this testimony. Indeed, by Allah, I will do my best to cut off the thread (of hope) of this foolish traitor!” Seventy persons from the notables and the children of the houses in Kufa testified this traitorous foolish document. Then Zyyad wrote may letters to Mu’awiya concerning Hijr. So Mu’awiya wrote to Him: “Tie Him (ie, Hijr) up with the iron and send Him to me.”

    It is necessary for us to remember now the backrounds of this group of people, who belonged to the houses in Kufa, towards the matter of Al-Hasan b. Ali, peace be on them, during the days of his succession to authority. It was they who deserted from the Camp of Maskan, provoked the people at the Camp Mada’ini (against Al-Hasan), and wrote to Mu’awiya to desert Al-Hasan and to hand Him over. Therefore who refused obedience, left the united people, and broke the pledge of allegiance Hijr b. Adi or they?

    Then we have to remember the attitude of these persons themselves during the tradegy of al-Husayn, peace be on Him, at the Battle of Karbala. They were then the swords of the Umayyad tyrants who were reponsible for those poinful events whose atrocities have no limit in the history of Arabs and Islam.
    ____________

    1. (The tribe of ) Kinda belong to the banu of Kahlan. Their homeland was the Yemen. Then many of their leaders moved to Iraq. Kahlan and Himyar were the two sons of Saba. Saba was the name which brought both tribes together. It was said: “The Arabs regarded the houses with glory and honor after the house of Hashim b. Abd Manaf as four houses. They were the house of Qays al-Fazazi, (the house of) the Darimiyyin, (the house of) banu Shayban, and the house of the Yemen, who belonged to the banu of al-Harith b. Ka’b.” As for Kinda, they are not regarded as some of the peole of the houses. Rather they were kings. Among them was al-Malik al-Dilil (ie, Umru’ al-Qays). The had authority in the Yemen and al-HIjaz. The glory of Kinda lasted during the time of Islam. Some of the Kindis took part in the conquests and the revolts; some of them were governors; some of them were judges such as Husayn b. Hasan al-Hijri; some of them were poets such as Ja’far b. Affan al-Makfuf, the poet of the Shi’a. Hani b. al-Ja’ad b. Adi, the nephew of Hijr, was among the noble figures in Kufa, Ja’far b. al-Ash’ath and his son al-Abbas b. Ja’far were among the Shi’a of Imam Abu Al-Hasan (ie, Musa, b. Ja’far) and his son al-Rida, peace be on them. As for al-Ash’ath b. Qays al-Kindi, he was the greatest of all the hypocrites in Kufa. He became Muslim, then he renounced Islam after the Prophet. Then he became Muslim, and Abu Bakr accepted his Islam. Abu Bakr married Him his sister who was the mother of Mohammed b. al-Ash’ath. Imam Al-Hasan married al-Ash’ath’s daughter whom Mu’awiya provoked to give Al-Hasan poison to drink.

    2. In his book al-Isaba fi Tamyiz al-shahaba, b. al-Athir said: “Major ritual impurity hit Him (ie, Hijr) while he was a prisoner. So he said to the guard: Give me my water to pure myself with it. ‘I am afraid that you will die of thirst, so Mu’awiya will kill me, said the guard. He (ie, b. la Athir) said Hijr prayed to Allah (for rain). His companions said to His: Ask Allah to save us. So he said: O Allah save us.”

    3. Al-Tabari, Tarikh, vol.6, p.108.

    Adopted from the book: “Sulh al-Hasan (a.s.)” by: “Sheykh Radi al-Yasin”
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This entry was posted on May 3, 2013 by in WSF and tagged , , , .
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